A healthy brain is constantly in motion with complex and instantaneous neural connections from dawn to dusk, and even during those sleeping hours between. For most people these connections are as unique as a snowflake and yet as consistently similar as the human form. As a human grows there are typical characteristics of neural connectivity common to each age-related population.
However, the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry recently published findings of specific connectivity patterns in children between 7 and 17 with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), scientists discovered unique resting-state connectivity patterns in these children, particularly between sensorimotor circuits and the amygdala. The next question is whether these atypical connections are causal for ASD or whether they are a compensatory result, as stated in the article conclusion, “measures suggest that abnormal amygdala functional connections may be compensatory in some individuals with ASDs.”
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